考研英语教研室建议大家这一阶段不仅要坚持练习真题

  距离2015考研[微博]还有60余天,考研复习进入了最后冲刺阶段,新东方在线[微博]考研英语教研室建议大家这一阶段不仅要坚持练习真题,更要开始加重大、小作文的练习力度。

  但新东方在线考研写作辅导专家王江涛提醒大家,英语写作的短时提分,主要是靠写作技巧,而不是纯粹的写作能力的提高,比如在道长考研英语写作白金单项班及道长考研英语(二)写作白金单项班中,主要从写作技巧的角度为大家阐释如何写作,争取到能力范围内最高的分数,所谓应试,要效率就必须采用这样的学习思路。

  写作类型

  首先,根据作文内容可将其分为10大类。其实从文章功能来看,我们可把这10大类文章归为三种类型:解决问题、论证观点、阐述现象。其中第一类具有解决问题功能的短文包括了:1、身体健康类;2、职业道德类;3、人口增长类;4、环境保护类;第二类具有论证观点功能的短文包括了:5、情感类;6、人生价值类;第三类具有阐述现象功能的短文包括了:7、文化交流类;8、教育类;9、家庭关系类;10、社会热点类。

  其次,除了以上三项常考功能模板,我们还将在本部分的最后列出两个具有对比论证功能的模板。虽然自从1997
年以来的历年短文题目中没有出现要求进行对比论证的话题,但是考生仍然应该有所准备。

  最后,新东方在线全国研究生入学考试研究中心为大家准备了以下作文模板,供大家参考学习。

  功能I:解决问题

  这种类型的文章主要针对一些实际的问题分析其原因和后果,最后提出解决的措施。一般情况下三段的分布为:第一段描述图画内容,第二段分析问题所在,第三段提出解决方案。

  1、身体健康类

  The picture . What is strikingly noticeable is , but it can be
easily explained by shown in the picture。

  The discern able unhealthiness discloses a prevalent phenomenon that
has long existed in the China’s . One the one hand, . On the other hand,
. As a result, the integration of poor living conditions and work
pressure leads naturally to their poor health and short life-span, just
as the picture tells us。

  The situation is rather depressing because , and it is largely owing
to . To solve the problem, I think there should be a thriving social
trend , and those who should be rewarded with good living and working
conditions。

  2、职业道德类

  We can see from the picture that , but 。

  If , he would surely express . There are three reasons to explain
why it happens to . Firstly, , which resulted from . Secondly, though ,
. Consequently, . Thirdly, 。

  I maintain that effective measures should be taken to put an end to
this phenomenon. Firstly, we need to endeavor to advocate . Secondly,
strict regulations should be enacted and enforced to create a harmonious
and orderly society. Only through the combined efforts can we eliminate
this “tumor” forcefully and completely。

  3、人口增长类

  The picture depicts a scene in which . The scene is presented in an
artistic and ironic manner. Crowds of people are crammed in . Further
examination reveals that 。

  Apparently, the picture symbolizes that humans, with such a huge
population, may one day suffer from the exhaustion of earth resources.
Take for example. Given the fact that , we find that . To make it worse,

  If the conflict between population boom and shortage of resources is
not properly controlled, we have every reason to hold a pessimistic
perspective towards human’s future on Earth. Perhaps eventually we would
face the situation suggested by the picture, that is, . Accordingly, I
strongly recommend that the whole globe launch aggressive programs to
address this fatal contradiction。

  4、环境保护类

  This is a very interesting piece of cartoon, in thanks to . Hence,

  Though being a little exaggerating, the cartoon illuminates a
serious fact that , and for that matter, . A recent report also
supported this view by . On the contrary, we are sad to perceive that 。

  Therefore, in my opinion, it is already high time for the whole
world to form a solid cooperation fighting against , because not a
single government or person can be exempt from its harm. A series of
down-to-earth measures need to be urgently implemented to control 。

  功能II:论证观点

  这种类型的文章主要分析论证一些具体的观点。一般情况下三段的分布为:第一段描述图画内容,第二段提出观点、进行理论分析和事例分析,第三段总结观点、表明态度。

  5、情感类

  As is shown in the picture above, . Obviously from we can surmise
that 。

  It goes without saying that the primary purpose of the picture lies
in eulogizing the practice of . As a matter of fact, it is not rare to
find in our everyday life deeds of similar nature. For instance, .
Additionally, we can also hear many stories about . Not to mention those
moving cases of 。

  All in all, I firmly believe that a harmonious society is based on a
. By , people not only harvest , but also gain that can never be
purchased via money。

  6、人生价值类

  As the old Chinese saying goes, . It echoes with this picture in
which . The title of the picture further points out that 。

  The picture is meant to . As far as I am concerned, I think . This
universal truth can be particularly proved in the field of , where 。

  A brief survey of history about also demonstrates the fundamental
importance of . , for example, . The same principle applies to common
people as well, and I am sure everybody can benefit from 。

  功能III:阐述现象

  这种类型的文章主要描述一些现象并具体分析解释现象的原因等。一般情况下三段的分布为:第一段描述图画内容,第二段分析该现象的原因、意义等,第三段总结观点、或提出建议。

  7、文化交流类

  It is a very eye-catching photo in which . What makes this picture
extraordinary is , which clearly indicates 。

  The sense of that permeates this picture is representative of , that
is, , and therefore, . China, in particular, . The effect of such
communication can be best exemplified by 。

  While people belong to nations, cultures know no boundary. is not
only featured by , but more importantly, by . I firmly believe that is
contributing, and will contribute more to the world’s peace,
development, and prosperity. (参见范文1)

  8、教育类

  As the title indicates, “ ”, the set of pictures apparently reminds
us that . It is discern able that 。

  The drawing virtually reminds its audience a widespread phenomenon
existing negatively in the area of basic education in China, that is, .
That is to say, . Such a practice is very harmful in terms of the
following aspects. Firstly, . Secondly, . Last but not the least, 。

  In my point of view, , but it is only part of the picture. On the
other hand, . Therefore, it is an urgent task to . As children are the
future of our nation, creating a good environment for their upbringing
means creating a bright and promising future for our nation。

  9、家庭关系类

  The cartoon reveals a very thought-provoking scene. The artist
purposefully exaggerates . This picture reveals the in-depth problem of

  In fact, . There are two reasons for this. The first and perhaps
most important is that . The other reason is more serious from a
practical point of view. . It owes to 。

  In my point of view, the trend goes quite against the genuine and
original purpose of our . What I want to emphasize by the above analysis
is that, . Therefore, I strongly contend that 。

  10、社会热点类

  The two pictures illustrate vividly . In the left picture , while in
the right 。

  From the two pictures we can sense a crazy tendency of . Aside from
, another telling example is , which was so successful in that . The
pictures also make it obvious that we should 。

  Admittedly, it is natural that . Nevertheless, it is the
responsibility of our government and society to . In my opinion, what’s
the more important is to . In short, 。

  功能IV:对比论证

  这类功能具体是针对那些要求比较不同事物或者同一事物的不同方面的文章。一般情况下三段的分布为:第一段描述图画内容、提出问题,第二段列举和分析对于该问题的不同看法和观点、进行对比和比较,第三段阐明自己的观点和看法。

  According to the two pictures presented, it can be observed that. In
the left picture, . A the same time, as the right one shows. Different
people have different views on 。

  Some people support by claiming that . In their opinion, . In
addition, . Meanwhile, there are some people, especially young men, who
. Their reasons are quite different, sometimes for , sometimes for ,
sometimes simply for 。

  In my point of view, both sides are partly right. To thoroughly
analyze this problem, we should take into consideration of all relevant
aspects, so as to make the right decision. Therefore, my conclusion
would be that 。

  需要说明的是,以上分类并不是具有绝对意义的,譬如一些身体健康类的话题也可能适合以论证观点的短文模板来套用,这里所做的分类指大致的分类和适用范围。

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